Pisco is elaborately distilled from Pisco grapes, which grow in the coastal zones of the southern part of Peru, from the city of Lima to the southern city of Tacna. Before the Spanish arrived in Peru, when the Incas travelled the coastal zone, following the Route of the Condor (Llosa Ricketts, 2005), they encountered hundreds of birds flying in that zone. Those giant birds and their abundance gave such a surprise to Pachacutec that he exclaimed “Pishjo!” This word means "bird" in Quechua. From there, the word became the name of that populated coastal area.
This is the precise region where the Paracas and Nazca cultures developed, and whose members were potters and weavers who brought invaluable testimonies to the world (Banco Latin, 1990). The potters who settled in the Pisco region were the first creators of the clay bottles and the bottles had the name Pisco on them. And to this day, the shops dedicated to preparing Pisco display these original bottles. In this way, the exquisite drink carries the name that is on the package. (Pisco, the bird.)
On his second voyage to America, Christopher Columbus brought wine and grapevines from Castilla. Later, in 1524, Hernan Cortes sent a letter to Carlos V requesting that every ship that sailed from Castilla to this land bring some amount of fruits, such as figs, olives, and grapevines. The first residents began planting everything they had brought from Spain. The branches adapted slowly to the Peruvian soils in some regions and faster in others, as in the coast. So quickly did they grow that when Pedro de Cieza de Leon toured Peru in 1547, he found that in many provinces the vines had borne fruit.
In 1556, the cultivation of vines in the prodigious valleys of Ica and Pisco allowed winemaking, which was gaining fame and vitality. By the sixteenth century, Friar Reginaldo Lizarraga said, "this wine is the best in the kingdom."
The process of distilling the Peruvian grape, when done carefully, delivers the highest quality premium Pisco brands.
Learn more on how Pisco is made... from grape to Pisco!
A name of origin is one that uses the name of a region or geographic area. It is used to describe, distinguish and protect a product based on its special characteristics, resulting essentially from the geographical environment in which it is influenced by the natural factors -- climatic and humans. In the case of Pisco, this origin is precisely the city of Pisco, located 231 km south of Lima, Peru.